Python requests接口测试实现代码


1、get方法请求接口

url:显而易见,就是接口的地址url啦

headers:请求头,例如:content-type = application/x-www-form-urlencoded

params:用于传递测试接口所要用的参数,这里我们用python中的字典形式(key:value)进行参数的传递。

举个例子:

import requests
url="http://api.shein.com/login"
header={"content-type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"}
param={"user_id":123456,"email":"123456@163.com"}
timeout=0.5
response = requests.get(url, headers=header, params=param, timeout=timeout)
# response = requests.request("get",url,headers=header,params=body,timeout=timeout)
print (response.text)

2、post方法请求接口

import requests

url="http://api.shein.com/login"

header={"content-type":"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"}

param={"user_id":123456,"email":"123456@163.com"}

timeout=0.5

response = requests.post(url, headers=header, data=param, timeout=timeout)

# response = requests.request("post",url,headers=header,data=param,timeout=timeout)

print (response.text)
import requests

url = "https://apipc.xinqgj.com/user/login"
payload = {"phone":"17779828887","pwd":"Ty+coun/mUj1saGV2OCK6p5kN9MNt8Uznj"}
headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}

response = requests.request("POST", url, headers=headers, json = payload)
print(response.text)

3、requests.Session()请求接口

import requests

session = requests.Session()  #定义全局session,通过 session 保持会话
class Cms():

  def login(self):
    url = "http://192.168.1.110:8080/cms/manage/loginJump.do"
    header = {"Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"}
    parmas = {"userAccount": "admin", "loginPwd": "123456"}
    #通过全局 session 请求接口
    res = session.post(url=url, headers=header, data=parmas)
    print(res.json())

  def queryUserList(self):
    url = "http://192.168.1.110:8080/cms/manage/queryUserList.do"
    header = {"Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"}
    parmas = {"startCreateDate":"",
         "endCreateDate":"",
         "searchValue":"",
         "page":"1"}
    # 通过全局 session 请求接口
    res = session.post(url=url, headers=header, data=parmas)
    print(res.json())

if __name__ == '__main__':
  Cms().login()
  Cms().queryUserList()

注意:Python requests模块params、data、json的区别

4、接口的返回值操作

text:获取接口返回值的文本格式

json():获取接口返回值的json()格式

status_code:返回状态码(成功为:200)

headers:返回完整的响应头信息(headers['name']:返回指定的headers内容)

encoding:返回字符编码格式

url:返回接口的完整url地址

import requests

url = "https://xxxx.com/user/login"
payload = {"phone":"1777982xxxx","pwd":"Ty+coun/mUj1saGV2OCK6p5kN9MNt8UznjaGsQ5A/nKPSH1NZW"}
headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}

response = requests.request("POST", url, headers=headers, json = payload)

print(response.text)
print(response.json())
print(response.status_code)
print(response.url)
print(response.headers)
print(response.encoding)

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持来客网。


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